1-2 Give honest and sincere appreciationThe big secret of dealing with people. Chapter 1 from How To Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie.
ReadThere is only one way under high heaven to get anybody to do anything. Did you ever stop to think of that? Yes, just one way. And that is by making the other person want to do it. Remember, there is no other way. Of course, you can make someone want to give you his watch by sticking a revolver in his ribs. YOU can make your employees give you cooperation - until your back is turned - by threatening to fire them. You can make a child do what you want it to do by a whip or a threat. But these crude methods have sharply undesirable repercussions. The only way I can get you to do anything is by giving you what you want. What do you want? Sigmund Freud said that everything you and I do springs from two motives: the sex urge and the desire to be great. John Dewey, one of America's most profound philosophers, phrased it a bit differently. Dr. Dewey said that the deepest urge in human nature is "the desire to be important." Remember that phrase: "the desire to be important." It is significant. You are going to hear a lot about it in this book. What do you want? Not many things, but the few that you do wish, you crave with an insistence that will not be denied. Some of the things most people want include: 1. Health and the preservation of life. 2. Food. 3. Sleep. 4. Money and the things money will buy. 5. Life in the hereafter. 6. Sexual gratification. 7. The well-being of our children. 8. A feeling of importance. Almost all these wants are usually gratified-all except one. But there is one longing - almost as deep, almost as imperious, as the desire for food or sleep - which is seldom gratified. It is what Freud calls "the desire to be great." It is what Dewey calls the "desire to be important." Lincoln once began a letter saying: "Everybody likes a compliment." William James said: "The deepest principle in human nature is the craving to be appreciated." He didn't speak, mind you, of the "wish" or the "desire" or the "longing" to be appreciated. He said the "craving" to be appreciated. Here is a gnawing and unfaltering human hunger, and the rare individual who honestly satisfies this heart hunger will hold people in the palm of his or her hand and "even the undertaker will be sorry when he dies." The desire for a feeling of importance is one of the chief distinguishing differences between mankind and the animals. To illustrate: When I was a farm boy out in Missouri, my father bred fine Duroc-Jersey hogs and . pedigreed white - faced cattle. We used to exhibit our hogs and white-faced cattle at the country fairs and livestock shows throughout the Middle West. We won first prizes by the score. My father pinned his blue ribbons on a sheet of white muslin, and when friends or visitors came to the house, he would get out the long sheet of muslin. He would hold one end and I would hold the other while he exhibited the blue ribbons. The hogs didn't care about the ribbons they had won. But Father did.
These prizes gave him a feeling of importance.
If our ancestors hadn't had this flaming urge for a feeling of
importance, civilization would have been impossible. Without it, we
should have been just about like animals.
It was this desire for a feeling of importance that led an uneducated,
poverty-stricken grocery clerk to study some law books he found in
the bottom of a barrel of household plunder that he had bought for
fifty cents. You have probably heard of this grocery clerk. His name
It was this desire for a feeling of importance that inspired Dickens to
write his immortal novels. This desire inspired Sir Christoper Wren to
design his symphonies in stone. This desire made Rockefeller amass
millions that he never spent! And this same desire made the richest
family in your town build a house far too large for its requirements.
This desire makes you want to wear the latest styles, drive the latest
cars, and talk about your brilliant children.
It is this desire that lures many boys and girls into joining gangs and
engaging in criminal activities. The average young criminal,
according to E. P. Mulrooney, onetime police commissioner of New
York, is filled with ego, and his first request after arrest is for those
lurid newspapers that make him out a hero. The disagreeable
prospect of serving time seems remote so long as he can gloat over
his likeness sharing space with pictures of sports figures, movie and
TV stars and politicians.
If you tell me how you get your feeling of importance, I'll tell you
what you are. That determines your character. That is the most
significant thing about you. For example, John D. Rockefeller got his
feeling of importance by giving money to erect a modern hospital in
Peking, China, to care for millions of poor people whom he had never
seen and never would see. Dillinger, on the other hand, got his
feeling of importance by being a bandit, a bank robber and killer.
When the FBI agents were hunting him, he dashed into a farmhouse
up in Minnesota and said, "I'm Dillinger!" He was proud of the fact
that he was Public Enemy Number One. "I'm not going to hurt you,
but I'm Dillinger!" he said.
Yes, the one significant difference between Dillinger and Rockefeller
is how they got their feeling of importance.
From chapter 1: Fundamental techniques in handling people
Don't criticize, condemn or complain. If you want to gather honey, don't kick over the beehive.
Give honest and sincere appreciation. The big secret of dealing with people.
Arouse in the other person an eager want. He who can do this has the whole world with him He who cannot walks a lonely way.